Calculator  DC to AC Amperage Conversion Run Through an Inverter
So, you’ve got an electrical appliance to run, but no place to plug it in. When you need to run a regular household electrical type device in an area where no regular grid power is available, this calculator will help you figure out what size batteries and power inverter you need!
Welcome to our DC/AC conversion tool (with inverter). This calculator is designed to assist you with power usage amounts, when converting from one power form to another using a DC to AC inverter.
Just enter power numbers in the fields below, and we will do the calculations for you, including typical inefficiencies and all that other techie type stuff you may not care to calculate. If you are not sure of your numbers, have a look at the walkthrough illustrations below when entering numbers.
If you want to size your inverter battery pack, then you first need to figure out the DC amperage you will be pulling out of your battery pack through the inverter. This calculator can assist you in figuring out the DC amp draw through an Inverter, so you can accurately size your inverter battery pack.
Enter AC Device Ratings
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Chris Sims What I am about to ask will most likely make you cringe, but with that said. I have a car audio amplifier and subwoofer set up that i can no longer use in my vehicle. It is a 2000 watt amp when connected to a 1 ohm load. The subs play real low, like down to 25hz. Which makes me want to bring this inside for movies. Stupid idea, I know. However, I am still interested in repurposing this setup. The question I am asking is beyond my comprehension, so please be patient. If the amp pulls around 200 amps DC to create 2000 watts at 1 ohm. How does that equate to AC? The standard breaker in my house is 15 amp's, with a few at 20. Is there a power invertor that can plug into a 120 volt outlet and provide the power needed for the amp? Would it require a 220 volt? Would that still not be enough power? Any help will be appreciated. If you need more information, please let me know.

Chris S. It’s not entirely stupid, it’ll give you nice sound but depending on your exact setup there may be syncopation effect where the timing is off from the rest of the system, like the site said there may be some trial and error involved, but assuming the 2000w amp is peak draw you may want to search for an inverter with that draw on a single channel. Be warned the cooling fan at that rating is likely to be loud. You could place a car audio capacitor inline between the inverter and the amp just like you would on a vehicle.

BatteryStuff Tech First we are not audio experts, so you may want to talk to an audio tech regarding your setup... In the end if you want to use a 12v stereo with AC power you will need a Power Supply / Converter Charger to power your equipment. Most of these can run off of a 15 amp breaker, with the exception of the 75 amp needing a 20 amp, and the 90 or 100 amp needing a 30 amp breaker. In most setups you would need a deep cycle battery meant to act as a buffer for the larger amp draws the powersupply isn't capable of outputting. Given you are no longer going to have a large amp alternator working as a powersupply you will most likely need an larger battery pack to act as a buffer. I would suggest giving our tech line a call for further information, but a lot of this may be trial an error till you come up with the right system. In the end the music being played can greatly affect your power requirements, so what works for one person may not work for another.


Adam Penny Love it. Gives me a better understanding when using AC appS. Inverted From DC solar system

Ryan McAteer So, if I have four 6v (200ah) batteries in series and parallel giving me a total of 400ah with a 12v inverter or if I have four 6v (200ah) batteries in series giving me a total of 200ah with a 24v inverter  i'm not really losing any capacity (ah) because in a 24v battery bank the "appliances" would only pull half of the amps it needs, is this correct? of course both inverters a pure sine.

TECH You are correct when it comes to the amp draw a 24v inverter will pull half the amps then a 12v inverter. You are also correct you won't see any loss if you use the same amount of batteries in your 12v setup as you would in the 24v setup. The biggest difference is when your AH remains the same... Take for instance a 12v 200 AH battery bank and a 24v 200 AH battery bank. In this case the you might think the 24v bank would last only double the time, but it actually last a little longer than double. The more amps you pull out of a battery bank the less AH capacity that battery bank is, which is why most batteries have several different AH ratings based off the Amp draw the battery is subjected to. In this case a 12v 200 AH battery pack could withstand a 10 amp draw and last only 10hrs, but the 24v 200 AH battery bank lasts 21hr 41 min. In this scenario you get an additional 1hr 41min of run time due to the less amps being drawn out of the higher voltage battery pack.


Randy Edward Marshall I have a small camper that I only use electricity for a few led lights and a small tv with a total load of about 75 watts at 110v I have a small 150w inverter about how long will a 100amp hour battery last before it would need to be recharged? Thanks

BatteryStuff Tech Randy, even though 75 watts doesn't seem like much it can draw the battery down pretty quickly. If you inputted 110VAC at 0.68 Amps your at about 75 watts, which equates to 6.88 DC amps. You can take that figure and input it into our Calculator  Sizing a 12 Volt Battery to a Load. Ideally, you should input the hours you intend to run the inverter for, but i can tell you the 75 Watt load will drain the battery 50% in about 6.5 hrs. At that time you would need to recharge the battery to prevent excess discharge. In most situation like yours we typically see people using a much larger battery pack if they are wanting to run a TV. Obviously, this load only accounted the 75 watts, so with all of the other accessories you could easily be excessively discharging the battery each night depending on how much you are using the TV and other accessories. Most customers that intend to use an inverter and dry camp will typically start with a battery pack in the 200+ AH range.


Rick Nicholson This calculator is almost spot on, it would be best if you could choose either to list amps or watts. Remember you're making this calculator for newbies, so yes I know you can divide watts by 120 (north america) and get the amps, but for newbies, easier if you can enter either.

Scott Bell I have a electric motor 220amp. it does not show how many watts info on the motor. Is there a way to find out how many 12volt

BatteryStuff Tech Volts x Amps = Watts  If your looking for the wattage you can use this calculation. If this is an AC powered device you can input your AC voltage and Amperage into the calculator above to get both your wattage and DC Amps.


Larry nice handy calucator for inverters Thanks so much

John It is hot in Houston. I have a 2000 Btu air conditioning with a power consumption of 270 watts and a nominal current of 2.9A plus a starting current at 13.9A while attempting to use 12vdc battery. What wattage inverter do I need? And how long do you think a car battery will last using the above setup?

BatteryStuff Tech At 120VAC @ 2.9 amps your are drawing approximately 32 Amps a hour out of a battery. You would be lucky if a car battery could take that draw for even an hour before excessively discharging the battery. I would use our Calculator  Sizing a 12 Volt Battery to a Load, and just be sure to put in the DC amp draw of 32 Amps, and not the AC amp draw. As far as what inverter to purchase… You need to account for your surge draw which you state is 13.9 amps… 120VAC x 13.9 Amps = 1,668 Watts! The inverter you select must be able to handle that draw, and you might want to talk to the manufacturer to see how long that surge lasts. Most inverters come with a surge rating for less than a second, so if your surge last longer it generally forces you into a larger inverter.


Ogboi Stephenson ls I have a DC appliances that’s uses 48v and the current in my region is an AC with 200v – 220v, how do I get an accurate result?

BatteryStuff Tech If your device runs off 48 volts then there is no need to be looking for an inverter. Your device is meant to run off either a 48v powersupply, or a 48v battery pack.


Steve Southen i have a 5000 watt invertor fitted to my nissan patrol ute .
so how many 12volt batteries would i need to get max 240 volt power out of the invertor ???????
BatteryStuff Tech As you can see by the calculator that would draw about 460 Amps an hour out of a 12v battery pack! Next I would suggest using our Calculator  Sizing a 12 Volt Battery to a Load, as it depends on how long you want to run that load for…


Kais amazing useful

Warren This tool was helpful. Just a quick question. I guilt a solar generator with a 100 watt panel, a 12V inverter that puts out 220 VAC and a 12 V battery. It is supposed to run a stock well that is 480 Amps. With just one battery it only runs 3 minutes the overloads the battery. If I read the calculator right this pump will draw 9715.20 Amps DC, but each 12 V battery will only put out 3,310 milliamps. So if I connect 3 12 V batteries in parallel, will that be sufficient to run this pump or should I connect 4 12 V Batteries?

BatteryStuff Tech Now that you used this calculator to determine what you will be drawing out of the battery. I would suggest using our Calculator  Sizing a 12 Volt Battery to a Load. This calculator will tell you what size battery pack you need to create depending on how long you want to run the well for.


Jason Can I use this in reverse? I have a 100A 240V sevvice but need to power a DC rectifier shelf that is capable of 200A. If I use this calculator and input 100A AC, 240VAC, 48VDC then the calculator shows 552A DC. DOes this mean that the 100A AC service can supply up to 552A DC?

BatteryStuff Tech In reverse it would be a charger vs an inverter, however if the charger runs off 240VAC and draws a 100A then it will put out approximately 552A on a 48V system, but it might vary depending on the efficiency of the charger.


Ron I have a portable 5000 BTU air conditioner unit. The tag shows that it uses 504 watts and 4.5 to 4.8 Amps. It runs very well with a 1200 watt generator. How long can it run using an inverter, a 100 amp hour AGM battery rated at 1200 watts?

TECH 504 watts / 4.8 Amps = 105 VAC. This would pull 46.37 Amps DC, so you could run about an hour before you start to excessively discharge the battery.


Fizi Great tool.
If you add inverter efficency as an optional input that might be good as well.

BatteryStuff Tech Glad to help! I will send your recommendation up the food chain and see if we can make it happen!


Sambo Thanks, this was very helpful, but mainly to give me an idea of the current draw on the batteries so that I can work out what circuit breaker/fuse to get.

BatteryStuff Tech Either the multimeter is hooked up backwards, or you have forced the batteries to charge backwards. Usually you are reading the reverse terminals.

Najm hi,
why do we hav some devices taking negative voltage?
e.g BTS operates in 48V (DC) 
Admin Due to the fact that we don’t have all the information for your system we would need you to contact us at tech@batterystuff.com so that we can ask the appropriate questions, to get you the answer that you may need.

Bill Mertz Good morning.
I have calculated that I need 300 Amps DC per day.
How many 250 watt 12 volt solar panels do I need to keep up with this demand.
My battery bank is 3000Ahs 12 volts.
Regards
Bill 
Bill Mertz This is GREAT stuff.
Thank you ALL for the info. 
Mike I have a 24VDC power bay with a DC to DC convertor (48VDC). If I’m reading 30amps on 48VDC side how much power is my 24VDC bay actually providing?

BatteryStuff Tech That depends on the efficiency of the converter. On the 48 volt side, you are using essentially 1450 watts. The wattage on the other side, the 24v side, will depend on the efficiency of the conversion process.


Jonathan Burns Hi tbere i am looking to no how long my 240 appliances will last for with 2 110 batteries working of a 1500watt inverter drawing 980watts in total a total of 88 odd amps of dc how long will my batteries last and what size of solar panel would suit to maintain my batteries as i have only a splitt relay wired as a charging system

BatteryStuff Tech 240VAC doesn’t change the total power of the system. The same calculations will work. In your case, you will get roughly an hour 1/2 of run time.


John i wish to power a series of appliances whose total sum of wattage is 720 watts for a minimum of 3 hrs non stop. i have already purchased a 12v – 220v inverter which is rated 1500watts…my questions aer: what rating of one 12v battery (or a system of combined batteries) do i need to achieve this target.Also , what specification of solar panel charging system can charge the battery in a very short time like 2 hours of sunlight…we do have intense sunlight in my region.
thanks

Admin Please email your question to tech@batterystuff.com


Jordan Would this calculator also work if I wanted to know what a switch that was rated AC would handle in DC?

BatteryStuff Tech Jordan, this calculator is a simple AC to DC conversion. It will not work for your situation. Thanks


Shelly Ok I used your tool above (THANK YOU SO MUCH FOR THIS TOOL) to determine the battery I will require to run my 5V 2A device from a 12volt battery. The tool returned .92amp DC. So my question is how can I now determine what size battery in amp hours I require to run this device for 10 hours?

Jeremy Fear www.batterystuff.com/kb/tools/calculatorsizingabatterytoaload.html


Hector DC to AC amperage conversion run through an Inverter.
What is the correct explanation of why requires 5 DC amps per each AC amp?
Jeremy Fear Amperage is the flow of electricity, while voltage is the pressure. Saying that it requires 5amps DC to 1 amp AC is not a correct statement. What is true is that in a 13volt (12 volt nominal) DC system, ran through an inverter that is about 80% efficient, the total power useage is approximently 78 watts, which would be a little under 1 amp at 115VAC. Wattage is the total power, which is comprised of voltage * amperage. If you change the voltage, but leave the wattage (total power) the same, then the amperage has to change as well.


Gops nice tool thanks for your information .can you explain about %loss calculation

Jeremy Fear The loss figured is based upon the average efficiency for Pure Sine Wave power inverters. In this case, 15% loss, or 85% efficiency.


RAJAVARDHANA NAIDU.G span class="caps">VERY NICE TOOL.

Tim When talking about current, for example if a device is drawing 3 amps, does that mean 3amps per hour?
So if your drawing 3 amps from a 3amp/hour battery, that battery would last about 1 hour? Right?
BatteryStuff Tech Yes, power ratings are usually rated hourly. No, a 3 Amp Hour battery will not give you 1 hour of runtime at a 3 amp draw. For an explanation why, please read our article about Peukert‘s Law and Battery Capacity.
/kb/tools/peukertslawanerdsattempttoexplainbatterycapacity.html


Ram Nice tool
Thanks 
Thanos Nice tool!
Thanks
Good idea to add the % of losses too! 
Zuki This was exactly what I was looking for. I would like to have the formula though just in case I need to do it the old fashioned way.

BatteryStuff Tech The calculator uses Ohm‘s Law. Watts = Volts x Amps. We additionally take into consideration an average inefficiency rate of 15% because the power is passing through an inverter. Once you find the watt amount from the AC volts x amps, you can divide the watts by DC volts to get DC amps, plus 15%. Without the efficiency loss, AC or DC watts will always be the same because it is total power. But as voltage goes up or down, in order to have the same power the amps will adjust accordingly.

Dave Very useful. But I believe Watts = Volts x Amps is Watts law. Not Ohms law.

BatteryStuff Tech Dave, that is correct. Thanks for the correction. Ohm’s law is V=I*R, Watt’s law is W=V*I, where V=voltage, I= current, R= Resistance, W= Wattage.


